Reference Materials

Glossary of Terms

We lovingly like to call this page AMD, AML and More Alphabet Soup as an homage to our bureaucratic friends (and sometimes we do it too!) that love to make up acronyms and terms that the general public does not understand. For instance in our world, AMD stand for Abandoned Mine Drainage, not Advanced Micro...

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EPCAMR Reference Library & Online Resources

Items in the EPCAMR Reference Library are available on loan. Interested parties must pick-up and drop-off items at the EPCAMR Office, 101 S. Main Street, Ashley, PA 18706. For more information, please email EPCAMR Executive Director, Robert Hughes, at rhughes@epcamr.org.   Online Resources Abandoned Mine Drainage Field Monitoring Binder EPCAMR Environmental Education Programs Brochure Iron Oxide...

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Historical Significance

Legacy of Past Mining Practices Deep Trouble Newspaper Investigation Series: Too Many Mines, Too Little Money State Program Trying To Make Up for Lost Federal Contributions Danger Lurks in Mines Mining for Solutions Competing Plans Successful Reclamation Results are All Around Orange Water, Silver Lining  

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Coal Types, Formation and Methods of Mining

Legend: CAMBRIAN, ORDOVICIAN, SILURIAN, DEVONIAN, MISSISSIPPIAN, PENNSYLVANIAN, PERMIAN, TRIASSIC, JURASSIC, CRETACEOUS, TERTIARY, QUATERNARY. World Wide Contemporary Coal Reserves by Continent                   Coal is an organic sediment consisting of a complex mixture of substances.  Depending upon the evolutionary developmental phase of coal formation there are: Four kinds of coal The first...

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